What Does The Stockholm Agreement Mean For Yemen

A UN mission (UNMHA) has been set up in Hudaydah to help the parties implement the Hudaydah agreement. These include the presidency of the head of the UNHA mission within the framework of the Coordination Committee for Redistribution, through which the parties work together to meet their obligations under the Stockholm Agreement. Both sides are likely to try to spoil the agreement. At this point, however, the Houthis are the main obstacle to progress. Under the terms of the Stockholm agreement, the Houthis must take the first step by redeploying troops from the three major Red Sea ports; the two sides will then have to carry out a number of reciprocal redeployments of the critical humanitarian infrastructure and, finally, from the entire city to designated positions, which will effectively demilitaris the entire Red Sea trade corridor. The Security Council approved the Stockholm Agreement in accordance with Resolution 2451 (2018). The Stockholm agreement was far less than the UN had reported and what many Western observers expected. More than 95 percent of listed prisoners remain in detention, the situation in Hodeida has demonstrated how little the UN can achieve, and Taiz remains caught caught in the middle. The lack of progress has strengthened the status quo throughout Yemen and laid the conditions for further fragmentation rather than stabilization.

Solving this dilemma by the United Nations is likely to be a long process until deep-term peace talks progress or the parties decide to act differently. If all is clear, the fate of millions of Yemenis is at stake and the United Nations has not learned from the mistakes of the past. The Stockholm Agreement is the result of a combination of events. These include the global outcry over the assassination in early October of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, which triggered US Congressional action against Yemen, and the threat of a starving famine. At that time, there were many shortcomings about what came from Sweden. The Stockholm Agreement is a voluntary agreement between the parties to the conflict in Yemen. It was approved on 13 December 2018 in Stockholm, Sweden. The Stockholm Agreement consists of three main elements: why is it important? The paralysis in Hodeida is preventing the UN from convening talks to end the war and undermining its credibility as mediator. New Houthi attacks on Saudi territory could trigger a wider regional confrontation at a time of rising tensions between Iran and the United States and its regional partners. The Stockholm agreement was a glimmer of hope that the talks have at least laid the groundwork for peace.

It brought agreements on the exchange of prisoners, a truce in the vital port city of Hodeidah, the establishment of humanitarian corridors in war-torn Taiz, and a handover of the three Red Sea ports (Hodeidah, Al-Salif, and Ras Isa) to the United Nations Verification and Inspection Mechanism for Yemen (UNVIM). All parties recognize that the ceasefire can only be successful if Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Iran act to contain their respective forces, which are deeply involved in the conflict.