Low Testosterone

man suffering from low testosterone.

Testosterone is commonly known as the male sex hormone but women also naturally produce testosterone.  In both men and women, testosterone is produced in the gonads.  Male gonads are the testes and female gonads are the ovaries.  

Low testosterone in men is also referred to as Low T or in a clinical setting, Testosterone Deficiency Syndrome (TD) or hypogonadism. The proper balance of these hormones in both men and women is essential to proper sexual development and overall health.

Symptoms  

There are many symptoms in males related to low testosterone and a few in females.  The chart below outlines the most common symptoms:

Male Low Testosterone Symptoms

  • Decreased muscle mass/strength
  • Depression
  • Enlarged breasts
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Fatigue
  • Hair loss
  • Increase body fat
  • Low/decreased sex drive
  • Low blood count
  • Low semen volume
  • Moodiness/irritability
  • Reduction of bone mas

Female Low Testosterone Symptoms

  • Anemia
  • Hot flashes
  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • Vaginal dryness

The nature of the symptoms and their severity will vary by individual based on an array of factors including genetics, lifestyle and each individual’s physical history.

Causes

The most common cause of low testosterone is age.  As a man ages, testosterone levels gradually and naturally decline after age 30.  However, there are a variety of additional causes of low testosterone in both men and women as the chart displays:

Male Low Testosterone Causes

  • Abnormal hormone gland development 
  • Alcohol or drug abuse
  • Genetic conditions  
  • Inflammatory disease 
  • Injury/ trauma to the testes
  • Liver or Kidney disease
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Testicular infection
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Some medications/ chemotherapy

Female Low Testosterone Causes

  • Abnormal hormone gland development
  • Adrenal gland insufficiency
  • Oral Estrogen therapy
  • Surgical removal of the ovaries

Once the underlying cause of low testosterone is determined, treatment options can be discussed with your doctor.  

Risk Factors

The following factors increase the risk of low testosterone in both men and women:

  • Low T - Low Testosterone doctor in Idaho Falls - Man JoggingAlcohol or drug abuse
  • Depression or anxiety
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Pituitary disorders
  • Sleep apnea

Addressing these risk factors may help curtail the onset of low testosterone.   

Diagnosis 

Low testosterone is diagnosed with a specific blood test performed by a medical laboratory.  In the initial diagnosis, multiple blood test measurements may be necessary because testosterone levels change throughout the day.

Treatment 

There are some natural ways to boost testosterone levels as well as testosterone treatment therapies.   The natural testosterone therapies include lifestyle adjustments such as:

  • Avoiding drug and alcohol abuse
  • Eating a sustained nutritious diet
  • Exercising and staying active
  • Maintaining appropriate sleep
  • Reducing stress
  • Taking vitamin supplements
  • Weight loss

When clinical therapies are deemed necessary, your physician will prescribe appropriate testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) which is the most common treatment for low testosterone, or clomiphene therapy. 

Endocrinology Specialists

Due to the nature of this hormonal condition which directly relates to the endocrine system, our doctors at Rocky Mountain Diabetes Center are highly trained to identify and effectively treat low testosterone.  

If you or someone you love is experiencing any of the symptoms or conditions above, call Rocky Mountain Diabetes for an appointment or fill out the form below. 

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